Social History Calendar

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Social History Calendar - January

Week  -   Day

January Weekly Social History Holidays

Kwanzaa - Week of December 26 - January 1

Week  -   Day

January Daily Social History Holidays

Ellis Island Day - January 1

Mummer's Parade - January 1

45 BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time. - January 1

404 Last gladiator competition in Rome - January 1

1610 German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610 - January 1

1818 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones - January 1

1861 President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War) - January 1

1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison - January 1

 

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins - January 2

1788 Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution - January 2

1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre) - January 2

1903 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black - January 2

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters - January 2

1974 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon - January 2

 

1431 Joan of Arc handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon - January 3

1496 Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine. - January 3

1888 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C. - January 3

1945 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan - January 3

1958 Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland - January 3

1988 Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British PM this century - January 3

 

Trivia Day - January 4

1642 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament - January 4

1847 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government. - January 4

1935 Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of "The Intimate Revue" - January 4

1965 LBJ's "Great Society" State of the Union Address - January 4

1989 George H. W. Bush is 1st Vice President since Martin Van Buren to declare himself President of the United States - January 4

1989 George H. W. Bush is 1st Vice President since Martin Van Buren to declare himself President of the United States - January 4

 

1781 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia - January 5

1804 Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement - January 5

1836 Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo - January 5

1930 Bonnie Parker meets Clyde Barrow for the first time at Clarence Clay's house - January 5

1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US - January 5

1993 Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (the first legal hanging in America since 1965). - January 5

 

1605 The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid. - January 6

1649 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes" - January 6

1893 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison. - January 6

1931 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application - January 6

1939 Daily newspaper comic strip "Superman" debuts - January 6

1992 The US Government urges doctors to stop using silicone breast implants, outlining the health effects - January 6

 

1608 Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia - January 7

1610 Galileo discovers first three satellites of Jupiter, Io, Europa & Ganymede - January 7

1923 Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan - January 7

1970 Farmers sue Max Yasgur for $35,000 in damages caused by "Woodstock" - January 7

1998 Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky signs affidavit denying she had an affair with President BillClinton - January 7

1999 Impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton begins in the US Senate. - January 7

 

Coming of Age Day - January 8 (Celebrated in Japan on the Second Monday of January)

1656 Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands) - January 8

1790 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address - January 8

1835 The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time. - January 8

1867 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto - January 8

1968 Jacques Cousteau's 1st undersea special on US network TV - January 8

1978 Harvey Milk becomes the 1st openly gay person elected to public office in California - January 8

 

Panama's Martyrs' Day - January 9

1431 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government. - January 9

1493 1st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus) - January 9

1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War) - January 9

1947 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive. - January 9

1956 Abigail Van Buren's "Dear Abby" column 1st appears in newspapers - January 9

2007 Apple Inc CEO, Steve Jobs announces the iPhone. - January 9

 

League of Nations Day - January 10

1776 "Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence - January 10

1845 Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding - January 10

1861 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War) - January 10

1911 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego - January 10

1966 Julian Bond denied seat in Gorgia legislature for opposing Vietnam War - January 10

1984 Clara Peller 1st asks, "Where's the Beef?" - January 10

 

Amelia Earhart Day - January 11

1785 Continental Congress convenes in NYC - January 11

1787 Titania & Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel - January 11

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree - January 11

1935 Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course) - January 11

1973 Trial of Watergate burglars begins in Washington, D.C. - January 11

2007 Author J. K. Rowling finishes the 7th and last Harry Potter novel in room 552 of the Bamoral Hotel, Edinburgh - January 11

 

Lee-Jackson Day (State Holiday in Virginia) - January 12

1773 1st US public museum established (Charlestown SC) - January 12

1863 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address - January 12

1879 British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand - January 12

1903 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam - January 12

1948 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast - January 12

1966 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends - January 12

 

Stephen Foster Memorial Day - January 13

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter - January 13

1794 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes - January 13

1888 National Geographic Society founded (Washington, D.C.) - January 13

1923 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime' - January 13

1930 "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears - January 13

1943 Hitler declares "Total War" - January 13

 

Old New Year's Day – January 14

Orthodox New Year - January 14

1699 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches" - January 14

1784 US Revolutionary War ends; US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris - January 14

1799 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets - January 14

1914 Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T - January 14

1943 FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II - January 14

1963 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Path is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later - January 14

 

Civil Rights Day - January 15 (Same Day as Martin Luther King Day, Third Monday in January)

Idaho Human Rights Day - January 15 (Same Day as Martin Luther King Day, Third Monday in January)

Martin Luther King Jr. Day - January 15 (Third Monday in January)

Martin Luther King Day of Service - January 15 (Third Monday in January)

Robert E. Lee Day - January 15 (States of AL, AR)

State Holiday (Mississippi) - January 15

1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey - January 15

1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London - January 15

1861 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis - January 15

1870 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly - January 15

1935 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition - January 15

1947 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California. - January 15

 

1219 Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, thousands killed - January 16

1581 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism - January 16

1776 Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks - January 16

1870 Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War - January 16

2005 At 66 years old, Romanian university lecturer Adriana Illiescu becomes the oldest birth mother in the world - January 16

2016 First ever flower grown in space - a zinnia aboard the International Space Station using NASA Veggie system - January 16

 

Ben Franklin's Birthday - January 17

1718 Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53 - January 17

1773 Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S) - January 17

1775 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol - January 17

1945 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation - January 17

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690m - January 17

2007 The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing. - January 17

 

1644 Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's 1st UFO sighting - January 18

1733 1st polar bear exhibited in America (Boston) - January 18

1788 The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony - January 18

1862 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms - January 18

1943 The first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising - January 18

1993 Martin Luther King Jr. holiday observed in all 50 states of the USA for 1st time - January 18

 

Confederate Memorial Day - January 19

Robert E. Lee's Birthday - January 19 (State of Florida)

State Holiday (Texas) - January 19

1419 French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War - January 19

1861 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War) - January 19

1883 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey. - January 19

1955 "Scrabble" debuts on board game market - January 19

1961 1st episode of "Dick Van Dyke Show" is filmed - January 19

2012 FBI shuts down Megaupload.com for alleged copyright infringement, hacker group Anonymous responds by attacking government and entertainment industry websites - January 19

 

Inauguration Day - January 20

1887 US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor - January 20

1920 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded. - January 20

1942 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin to organise the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews - January 20

1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President - January 20

1983 American gangster Roy DeMeo is found murdered in his car trunk after disappearing a few days earlier - January 20

2009 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States' first African-American president - January 20

 

1677 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston - January 21

1861 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War) - January 21

1903 "Wizard of Oz" premieres in NYC - January 21

1915 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit - January 21

1962 Snow falls in San Francisco - January 21

1977 US President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders - January 21

 

Roe vs. Wade Day - January 22

1690 Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French - January 22

1862 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20 - January 22

1879 Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana, South Africa - January 22

1953 Arthur Miller's "Crucible" premieres in NYC - January 22

1968 Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made - January 22

1973 Roe vs Wade: US Supreme Court legalizes most abortions - January 22

 

1793 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized - January 23

1849 Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US - January 23

1853 John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church - January 23

1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge. - January 23

1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established - January 23

1970 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1 - January 23

 

1656 1st Jewish doctor in North American colonies, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland - January 24

1875 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres - January 24

1925 Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island - January 24

1943 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death - January 24

1943 Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau - January 24

1984 Apple Computer Inc unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer - January 24

 

Burns Night - January 25

1775 Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx) - January 25

1858 Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia - January 25

1881 Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company. - January 25

1955 Columbia University scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years - January 25

1961 Walt Disney's "101 Dalmations" released - January 25

1971 Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders - January 25

 

Australia Day - January 26

1697 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night - January 26

1784 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol - January 26

1918 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort - January 26

1940 Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains - January 26

1991 NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winner (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50) - January 26

2005 Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post. - January 26

 

Auschwitz Liberation Day - January 27

Holocaust Memorial Day - January 27 (United Kingdom)

International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust - January 27

Thomas Crapper Day - January 27

Vietnam Peace Day - January 27

1142 Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei. - January 27

1825 U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears." - January 27

1880 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp - January 27

1891 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania - January 27

1945 Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland - January 27

1996 Germany celebrates its 1st Holocaust Remembrance Day - January 27

 

Christa McAuliffe Day - January 28

1099 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria - January 28

1547 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England - January 28

1813 Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom. - January 28

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners - January 28

1887 Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris - January 28

1998 Michelangelo's "Christ & the Woman of Samaria" sold for $7.4 million - January 28


Kansas Day - January 29

Thomas Paine Day - January 29

1595 William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet is thought to have been first performed. The play was officially published in early 1597. - January 29

1785 In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health - January 29

1845 Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC) - January 29

1879 Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established - January 29

1920 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week - January 29

1959 Walt Disney's "Sleeping Beauty" released - January 29

 

1487 Bell chimes invented - January 30

1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years. - January 30

1797 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American - January 30

1815 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes - January 30

1939 Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament) - January 30

1956 Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed - January 30

 

1696 Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam) - January 31

1865 Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24) - January 31

1871 Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky - January 31

1876 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations. - January 31

1905 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach - January 31

1968 Viet Cong Tet offensive begins - January 31


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - February

Month   -   Week  -   Day

February Monthly Social History Holidays

African American History Month

American History Month

"From Africa to Virginia" Month

National Black History Month

Month   -   Week  -   Day

February Weekly Social History Holidays

Chinese New Year Festival and Parade - February 10 - March 4 (San Francisco, CA)

Museum Advocacy Days - February 26-27 (Last Mon/Tues in February)

Month   -   Week  -   Day

February Daily Social History Holidays

1327 Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer. – February 1

1587 Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots – February 1

1788 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet – February 1

1861 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War) – February 1

1862 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic" – February 1

1898 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co – February 1

 

Ayn Rand Day - February 2

Imbolic - February 2

1653 New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York) – February 2

1787 Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation. – February 2

1852 1st British public men's toilet opens (Fleet St London) – February 2

1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed. – February 2

1901 Queen Victoria's funeral takes place. – February 2

1932 Al Capone sent to prison (Atlanta, Georgia) – February 2

 

1690 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass) – February 3

1743 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants – February 3

1916 Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down – February 3

1941 US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours – February 3

1986 The Pope and Mother Teresa meet in Calcutta – February 3

1994 President Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam – February 3

 

Liberace Day - February 4

Rosa Parks Day - February 4 - (State of CA and OH)

1784 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland – February 4

1789 1st US electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as President and Vice-President – February 4

1861 Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time; Jefferson Davis elected President of Confederacy (US Civil War) – February 4

1865 Hawaiian Board of Education formed – February 4

1938 Disney's "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" is officially released – February 4

1945 Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war – February 4

 

Adlai Stevenson Day - February 5

1428 King Alfonso V, orders Sicily's Jews to attend conversion sermons – February 5

1879 Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow – February 5

1953 "Peter Pan" by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC – February 5

1962 Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16 degrees – February 5

1973 Comic strip "Hagar The Horrible" debuted – February 5

2008 A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 58 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 88. – February 5

 

Ronald Reagan Day (California only) - February 6

1693 Royal charter granted College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Va – February 6

1778 France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris; 1st US treaty – February 6

1869 Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers – February 6

1918 Britain grants women (30 & over) vote – February 6

1935 "Monopoly" board game goes on sale for 1st time – February 6

1952 Queen Elizabeth II succeeds King George VI to the British throne – February 6

 

1795 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states – February 7

1904 Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks) – February 7

1936 A flag is authorized for US Vice President – February 7

1943 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942) – February 7

1962 US President JFK begins blockade of Cuba by banning all Cuban imports and exports. – February 7

1994 Howard Stern stops a would-be jumper on the George Washington Bridge – February 7

 

Boy Scout Anniversary Day - February 8

1690 French & Indian troops set Schenectady settlement NY on fire – February 8

1855 The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon. – February 8

1861 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War) – February 8

1942 Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort – February 8

1944 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin – February 8

1992 Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter – February 8

 

1775 British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion – February 9

1822 American Indian Society organizes – February 9

1825 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president – February 9

1886 US President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence – February 9

1941 Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe) – February 9

1942 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US – February 9

 

Plimsoll Day - February 10

1807 US Coast Survey authorized by Congress – February 10

1855 US citizenship laws amended; all children of US parents born abroad granted US citizenship – February 10

1890 Around 11 million acres ceded to US by Sioux Indians opens for settlement – February 10

1935 Pennsylvania RR begins passenger service on new electric locomotive – February 10

1942 Glenn Miller awarded 1st ever gold record for selling 1 million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo" – February 10

1947 WW II peace treaties signed – February 10

 

National Inventor's Day - February 11

1531 Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England following the schism with Rome – February 11

1766 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia – February 11

1768 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes – February 11

1852 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London) – February 11

1963 Julia Child's show The French Chef premieres. – February 11

1978 China lifts a ban on Aristotle, Shakespeare, & Dickens – February 11

 

Darwin Day - February 12

Lincoln's Birthday - February 12

NAACP Day - February 12

1554 Queen of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason. – February 12

1793 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves – February 12

1825 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826 – February 12

1877 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass – February 12

1915 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I – February 12

1950 Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb – February 12

 

1578 Tycho Brahe first sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system – February 13

1633 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun – February 13

1693 College of William & Mary opens in Virginia – February 13

1799 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature – February 13

1837 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour – February 13

1959 Barbie doll goes on sale – February 13

 

Frederick Douglass Day - February 14

Statehood Day in Arizona - February 14 (Local Observance in Arizona)

1778 "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France) - February 14

1803 Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void. - February 14

1894 Venus is both a morning star & evening star - February 14

1929 St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone's orders - February 14

1962 US 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV - February 14

1971 Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House - February 14

 

Remember the Maine Day - February 15

Susan B. Anthony Day - February 15

399 BC Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth of the city and for impiety - February 15

1804 New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery - February 15

1869 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped - February 15

1910 The Boy Scouts of America founded. - February 15

1933 Pres-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt - February 15

1950 Walt Disney's "Cinderella" released - February 15

 

Elizabeth Peratrovich Day - February 16 (Local Observance in Alaska)

600 Pope Gregory the Great decrees saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze - February 16

1659 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey) - February 16

1760 Native American hostages killed in Fort Prince George, SC - February 16

1838 Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions - February 16

1923 Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb and finds the sarcophagus - February 16

1980 Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France - February 16

 

National PTA Founders Day - February 17

1621 Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony - February 17

1801 US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Aaron Burr - February 17

1870 Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War - February 17

1913 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon) - February 17

1934 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn) - February 17

1958 Comic strip "BC" 1st appears - February 17

 

Pluto Day - February 18

1503 Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII) created Prince of Wales - February 18

1688 Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pa - February 18

1861 Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War) - February 18

1885 Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" in the US - February 18

1927 US & Canada begin diplomatic relations - February 18

1968 10,000 demonstrators against US in Vietnam War in West-Berlin - February 18

 

Coast Guard Reserves Birthday - February 19

Daisy Gatson Bates Day - February 19 (State Holiday in Arkansas)

Washington's Birthday - February 19 (Third Monday in February). Some State and Local Governments refer to this day as President's Day. His Actual Birthday is on February 22.

Iwo Jima Day - February 19

President's Day - February 19 (Third Monday in February)

1807 VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted - February 19

1878 Thomas Edison patents the gramophone (phonograph) - February 19

1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages - February 19

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines - February 19

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize - February 19

 

1472 Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment. - February 20

1725 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for £100 a scalp bounty - February 20

1792 US postal service created, postage 6 cents - 12 cents depending on distance - February 20

1809 US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state - February 20

1941 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland - February 20

2012 Scientists successfully regenerate Silene stenophylla from a 31,800 year old piece of fruit, greatly surpassing the previous record of 2,000 years - February 20

 

1431 Joan of Arc's first day of interrogation during her trial for heresy - February 21

1782 US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint - February 21

1828 1st American Indian newspaper in US, "Cherokee Phoenix", published - February 21

1864 1st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore - February 21

1970 Jackson 5 make TV debut on "American Bandstand" - February 21

1981 "Yorkshire Ripper" Peter Sutcliffe, murderer of 13 women, captured - February 21

 

Founders Day - February 22 (World Organization of the Scout Movement)

Washington's Birthday - February 22 (but observed as a U.S. Federal Holiday on the Third Monday in February)

Woolworth's Day - February 22

1656 New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site - February 22

1774 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright - February 22

1898 Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City SC - February 22

1920 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California) - February 22

1941 Nazi SS begin rounding up Jews of Amsterdam - February 22

1997 Dolly the Sheep, world's first cloned mammal (from an adult cell) is announced by the Roslin Institute in Scotland - February 22

 

1778 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge - February 23

1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass - February 23

1822 Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city - February 23

1896 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield - February 23

1910 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia) - February 23

1954 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh) - February 23

 

1510 Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice - February 24

1807 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England - February 24

1857 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government - February 24

1868 US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson - February 24

1924 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail - February 24

1940 Frances Langford records "When You Wish Upon a Star" - February 24

 

National Pistol Patent Day - February 25

1643 Dutch US colonists kill Algonquin-indians - February 25

1793 1st US cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home) - February 25

1804 Thomas Jefferson nominated for US President at Democratic-Republican caucus - February 25

1836 Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multishot firearm - February 25

1859 1st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence - February 25

2011 French fashion house Christian Dior suspends its chief designer John Galliano after he is arrested for an anti-semitic verbal attack in Paris - February 25

 

Levi Strauss Day - February 26

1616 Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism - February 26

1797 Bank of England issues its first £1-note - February 26

1848 Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels publish their "Communist Manifesto" - February 26

1895 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine - February 26

1930 1st red & green traffic lights installed (Manhattan NYC) - February 26

1952 PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb - February 26

 

1813 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted - February 27

1827 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans - February 27

1872 Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University - February 27

1922 US Supreme Court unanimously upheld 19th amendment to the US Constitution - women's right to vote - February 27

1990 Final day of the rum ration in the Royal New Zealand Navy - February 27

1998 Britain's House of Lords agrees to end 1,000 years of male precedence by giving a monarch's first-born daughter the same claim to the throne as any first born son - February 27

 

Linus Pauling Day - February 28 (Local Observance in Oregon) - February 28

1759 Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages - February 28

1787 The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted. - February 28

1849 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast - February 28

1915 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties - February 28

1974 Taiwan police shoots into crowd - February 28

1997 Smokers must prove they are over 18 to purchase cigarettes in US - February 28


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - March

Month   -   Week  -   Day

March Monthly Social History Holidays

Irish-American Heritage Month

National Women Inventors Month

National Women's History Month

Month   -   Week  -   Day

March Weekly Social History Holidays

World Folktales & Fables Week - March 18-24

Jewish Heritage Week - Evening of March 31 to the Evening of April 7 (Movable Week observed during Passover)

Month   -   Week  -   Day

March Daily Social History Holidays

Asiatic Fleet Memorial Day - March 1

Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Day (Bikini Day) - March 1

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date. - March 1

1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only) - March 1

1781 Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation - March 1

1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with apprpx 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again - March 1

1932 Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12 - March 1

1961 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corp - March 1

 

National Old Stuff Day - March 2

Texas Independence Day - March 2

1629 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament - March 2

1807 US Congress bans the slave trade within the US, effective January 1, 1808 - March 2

1867 Jesse James gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead - March 2

1882 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her while boarding a train in Windsor. - March 2

1903 Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC - March 2

1974 Grand jury concludes US President Richard Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up - March 2

 

National Anthem Day - March 3

Navy Reserves Birthday - March 3

1791 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages) - March 3

1791 Congress establishes US Mint - March 3

1820 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there. - March 3

1845 Florida becomes 27th state of the Union - March 3

1887 Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller - March 3

1934 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol - March 3

 

Old Inauguration Day - March 4

1628 England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony - March 4

1681 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania - March 4

1789 1st US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps) - March 4

1801 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President inaugurated in Washington, D.C. - March 4

1924 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny - March 4

1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself" - March 4

 

Casimir Pulaski Day - March 5 (First Monday in March)

1750 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, NYC - March 5

1770 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Galvanised anti-British feelings - March 5

1836 Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model - March 5

1904 Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation. - March 5

1933 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes) - March 5

2013 The Dow Jones surpasses its 2007 pre-financial crisis levels for the first time - March 5

 

Peace Corps Day - March 6

1831 Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point military academy - March 6

1836 Battle of the Alamo: after 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexicans overwhelm the Texans at the Alamo, killing 182-257 Texans including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett - March 6

1857 Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens - March 6

1901 In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. - March 6

1944 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin - March 6

1951 The trial of Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel Rosenberg begins - March 6

 

Alexander Graham Bell Day - March 7

1530 King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope. Henry then declares that he, not the Pope, is supreme head of England's church - March 7

1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone - March 7

1908 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council & announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles" - March 7

1936 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland - March 7

1965 Alabama state troopers & 600 black protestors clash in Selma - March 7

1981 1st homicide at Disneyland, 18 year old is stabbed to death - March 7

 

1777 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt. - March 8

1782 Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians - March 8

1855 1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls - March 8

1884 Susan B. Anthony addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after legislators 1st introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment. - March 8

1934 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars - March 8

2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 with 239 people loses contact and disappears, prompting the most expensive search effort in history - March 8

 

Joe Franklin Day - March 9

1497 Nicolaus Copernicus' 1st recorded astronomical observation- March 9

1562 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death) - March 9

1745 Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston- March 9

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army- March 9

1935 Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force. - March 9

1959 Barbie, the toy doll make her debut at American Toy Fair in New York. Since sold over a billion worldwide- March 9

 

Harriet Tubman Day - March 10

National Genealogy Day - March 10 (Saturday of the First Full Week in March which is Celebrate Your Name Week)

1578 Queen Elizabeth I of England gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion - March 10

1849 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions - March 10

1876 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson) - March 10

1927 Bavaria lifts ban on Hitler's speeches - March 10

1951 FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner - March 10

1988 Avalanche at Swiss Ski resort Klosters nearly kills Prince Charles - March 10

 

Johnny Appleseed Day - March 11

1779 US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time) - March 11

1943 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands - March 11

1953 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams) - March 11

1953 American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb 15,000 feet on Mars Bluff, South Carolina; it created a crater 75 feet acrosss, but the nuclear core did not detonate, due to 6 safety catches - March 11

1986 1 million days since the foundation of Rome on April 21st, 753 BC - March 11

 

Canberra Day - March 12 (Second Monday in March)

National Alfred Hitchcock Day - March 12

1664 1st naturalization act in American colonies - March 12

1884 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women - March 12

1894 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday - March 12

1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund - March 12

1912 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low - March 12

1980 Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago - March 12

 

  1. Ron Hubbard Day - March 13

1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000 - March 13

1781 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus - March 13

1865 US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers - March 13

1868 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial - March 13

1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain - March 13

1943 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight - March 13

 

1689 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen - March 14

1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states - March 14

1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812 - March 14

1913 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation - March 14

1913 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid - March 14

1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies - March 14

 

44 BC Julius Caesar, is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome - March 15

1493 Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first voyage to the New World - March 15

1867 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university - March 15

1913 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson) - March 15

1937 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL) - March 15

1937 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC) - March 15

 

1621 Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Massachusetts - March 16

1802 Law signed to establish US Military Academy (West Point, NY) - March 16

1802 US Army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time) - March 16

1829 Ohio authorizes high school night classes - March 16

1850 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston - March 16

1945 Allies secure Iwo Jima - March 16

 

432 Saint Patrick, aged about 16 is captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland (traditional date) - March 17

1756 St. Patrick's Day is first celebrated in NYC at the Crown & Thistle Tavern - March 17

1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act - March 17

1901 At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death - March 17

1963 Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975) - March 17

2016 Archaeologists announce discovery of iron age warrior king buriel ground with 75 graves 2,500 years old in Pocklington, Northern England - March 17

 

1541 Hernando de Soto observes 1st recorded flood in America (Mississippi River) - March 18

1877 President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C. - March 18

1881 Barnum & Bailey's "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (Madison Square Garden) - March 18

1922 British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience - March 18

1944 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary - March 18

1989 In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops. - March 18

 

1748 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize north American colonies - March 19

1822 Boston, Massachusetts, incorporated as a city - March 19

1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time) - March 19

1942 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty - March 19

1945 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories - March 19

1994 Largest omelette (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan - March 19

 

Bed in for Peace Day - March 20

141 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet - March 20

1616 Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana - March 20

1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston) - March 20

1942 Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return" - March 20

1944 Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes - March 20

2016 Barak Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since 1928, arriving for a 2 day tour - March 20

 

1610 King James I addresses English House of Commons - March 21

1871 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa - March 21

1933 Hitler, Goering, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning & top army meet in Berlin - March 21

1943 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails - March 21

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage - March 21

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama - March 21

 

1638 Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony - March 22

1765 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on colonists - March 22

1790 Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State under President Washington - March 22

1933 FDR makes wine & beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal - March 22

1943 SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children - March 22

1975 Walt Disney World Shopping Village opens - March 22

 

1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favor of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war - March 23

1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post) - March 23

1857 Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City - March 23

1921 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments - March 23

1925 Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution - March 23

2016 GPR investigation of Shakespeare's tomb at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford concludes the Bard's skull probably has been stolen - March 23

 

1664 Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island - March 24

1832 Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred & feathered in Ohio - March 24

1837 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote - March 24

1930 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC) - March 24

1998 Jonesboro massacre: Two students, ages 11 and 13, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are dead and ten are wounded. - March 24

 

Greek Independence Day: National Day of Celebration of Greek & American Democracy - March 25

International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade - March 25

Maryland Day - March 25

1199 Richard I, Lion Heart, King of England, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. - March 25

1584 Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore North America - March 25

1776 Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington - March 25

1882 1st demonstration of pancake making (Dept store in NYC) - March 25

1955 United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" as obscene. - March 25

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama - March 25

 

Maryland Day Observed - March 26

Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole Day - March 26

Seward's Day - March 26

1845 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precursor of bandaid - March 26

1863 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves - March 26

1910 US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick - March 26

1942 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel - March 26

1945 Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine - March 26

1953 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio - March 26

 

1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy. - March 27

1790 The modern shoelace (string and shoe holes) invented in England - March 27

1866 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment - March 27

1914 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels) - March 27

1915 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid - March 27

1991 Scotty Bowman inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a "builder" of the game - March 27

 

1774 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts - March 28

1797 Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine - March 28

1799 NY State abolished slavery - March 28

1866 1st ambulance goes into service - March 28

1933 German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler - March 28

2013 Pope Francis becomes the first Pope to wash the feet of women in the Maundy Thursday service - March 28

 

Knights of Columbus Founders Day - March 29

1673 English King Charles II accepts Test Act: Roman Catholics excluded from public functions - March 29

1848 Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam - March 29

1871 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London - March 29

1936 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates - March 29

1951 Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage and sentenced to death - March 29

2004 The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants. - March 29

 

240 BC 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. - March 30

1778 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath - March 30

1867 US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre - Seward's Folly) - March 30

1870 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race - March 30

1953 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory - March 30

1987 Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" sells for a record 22.5 million pounds ($39.7 million) - March 30

 

Cesar Chavez Day - March 31

1861 Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War) - March 31

1880 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN) - March 31

1889 Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years. - March 31

1918 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect - March 31

1943 Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC - March 31

1944 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars - March 31


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - April

Month   -   Week  -   Day

April Monthly Social History Holidays

Arab American Heritage Month

Confederate History Month

Month   -   Week  -   Day

April Weekly Social History Holidays

Jewish Heritage Week - Evening of March 31 to the Evening of April 7 (Movable Week observed during Passover)

Pan American Week - April 8-13 (Week that includes April 14th)

Holocaust Remembrance Day or Yom HaShoah - Evening of April 11 to Evening of April 12

Native American Awareness Week - April 12-16

Yom HaZikaron - Evening of April 17 to Evening of April 18

Yom HaAtzmaut - Evening of April 18 to Evening of April 19

National Historic Preservation Week – April 22-28

Month   -   Week  -   Day

April Daily Social History Holidays

1693 Cotton Mather's four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed - April 1

1748 Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre - April 1

1853 Cincinnati becomes 1st US city to employ fulltime professional firefighters - April 1

1924 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed. - April 1

1934 Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders helps turn public perception against the gang for good - April 1

1976 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs' parents house in Cupertino, California - April 1

 

Pascua Florida Day - April 2

1513 Explorer Juan Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain as the first known European to reach Florida - April 2

1792 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime - April 2

1801 Napoleonic Wars: naval Battle of Copenhagen - The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet. - April 2

1865 US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia - April 2

1877 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn - April 2

1921 Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new "Theory of Relativity" - April 2

 

1657 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refuses crown - April 3

1776 George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College - April 3

1790 Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) created - April 3

1865 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia - April 3

1955 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges. - April 3

1975 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it - April 3

 

1581 Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard Golden Hind at Deptford - April 4

1660 English king Charles II sends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion) - April 4

1945 US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany - April 4

1968 US civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee - April 4

1975 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen. - April 4

2014 President of the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, claims that climate change will lead to battles over water and food within the next five to ten years - April 4

 

456 Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop - April 5

1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England - April 5

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto - April 5

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller - April 5

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices - April 5

1969 Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities. - April 5

 

National Tartan Day - April 6

1320 The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. - April 6

1722 Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, ends tax on men with beards - April 6

1815 British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed - April 6

1860 Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr. - April 6

1917 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I - April 6

1930 Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar - April 6

 

Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Rwanda Genocide - April 7

1712 Slave revolt in New York kills 6 white men, 21 African Americans executed - April 7

1798 Mississippi Territory organized - April 7

1923 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney - April 7

1926 Mussolini is shot 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, only hitting him in the nose - April 7

1948 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations - April 7

2003 U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later. - April 7

 

International Romani Day - April 8

1730 1st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC" - April 8

1789 First meeting of the US House of Representatives - April 8

1879 Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time - April 8

1943 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities. - April 8

1983 In front of a live audience of 20 tourists, David Copperfield makes the Statue of Liberty disappear - April 8

2006 Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang. - April 8

 

Appomattox Day - April 9

National Cherish an Antique Day - April 9

Winston Churchill Day - April 9

1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower") - April 9

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies - April 9

1864 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War. - April 9

1865 US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant - April 9

1866 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto - April 9

1963 Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen - April 9

 

Salvation Army Founder's Day - April 10

1710 The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain. - April 10

1845 More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa - April 10

1858 "Big Ben", a 13.76 ton bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster - April 10

1877 1st human cannonball act performed in London - April 10

1887 President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Ilinois - April 10

1923 Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin - April 10

 

1783 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War - April 11

1900 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy - April 11

1941 Germany blitzes Conventry, England - April 11

1968 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act - April 11

1976 The Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak is released - April 11

2013 Fossilized dinosaur eggs with embryos are discovered in China - April 11

 

International Day of Human Space Flight - April 12

1770 Townsend Acts repealed - April 12

1872 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500) - April 12

1935 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers - April 12

1938 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY) - April 12

1976 Anne Rice's debut novel "Interview with a Vampire" is published by Knopf. - April 12

2016 Breakthrough Starshot: scientists and internet entrepreneurs, including Yuri Milner, Stephen Hawking and Mark Zuckerburg, announce interstellar project to send robot spacecraft to Alpha Centauri - April 12

 

Thomas Jefferson Day - April 13

1796 First elephant arrives in US from India - April 13

1902 J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming - April 13

1941 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed. - April 13

1943 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial - April 13

1970 Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon - April 13

1976 US Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes - April 13

 

Pan American Day - April 14

1536 English King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries - April 14

1775 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia - April 14

1777 NY adopts new constitution as an independent state - April 14

1828 First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication - April 14

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington - April 14

2012 J. K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter novels, launches her website "Pottermore" - April 14

 

Titanic Remembrance Day - April 15

1534 Thomas Cromwell is appointed Chief Secretary to King Henry VIII - April 15

1802 William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy see a "long belt" of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud". - April 15

1865 Abraham Lincoln dies 9 hours after he is shot attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington - April 15

1912 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on - April 15

1945 FDR buried in grounds of Hyde Park home - April 15

2012 US Secret Service inappropriate conduct scandal begins with at least 11 people implicated - April 15

 

Emancipation Day - April 16

1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge - April 16

1789 George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration - April 16

1874 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton - April 16

1918 The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland - April 16

1922 Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row - April 16

2007 "Spider-Man 3" directed by Sam Raimi and starring Toby Maguire and Kristen Dunst premieres at the Tokyo Film Festival - April 16

 

Ellis Island Family History Day - April 17

1397 Geoffrey Chaucer tells the "Canterbury Tales" for the first time at the court of English King Richard II - April 17

1492 Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies - April 17

1629 1st commercial fishery established - April 17

1905 US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional - April 17

1969 Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating US Senator Robert F. Kennedy - April 17

2013 Same-sex marriage is legalized in New Zealand - April 17

 

International Day for Monuments and Sites - April 18

National Columnists Day - April 18

1775 Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!" - April 18

1783 Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began. - April 18

1861 Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, part of the Maryland Campaign (US Civil War) - April 18

1861 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War) - April 18

1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city - April 18

1977 Alex Haley, author of "Roots", awarded Pulitzer Prize - April 18

 

John Parker Day - April 19

Oklahoma City Bombing Commemoration Day - April 19

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia - April 19

1775 American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world" - April 19

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy. - April 19

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church - April 19

1982 Sally Ride announed will be 1st American woman astronaut - April 19

2013 Boston bombing suspects killed and captured in Boston after 4 days - April 19

 

1611 First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman - April 20

1841 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published - April 20

1862 The first pasteurization test is completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard. - April 20

1902 Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride - April 20

1918 Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day. - April 20

1992 All-star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium, London - April 20

 

San Jacinto Day - April 21

1536 Thomas Cromwell begins to plot Anne Boleyn's downfall while feigning illness - April 21

1649 Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship - April 21

1789 John Adams sworn in as 1st US VP (9 days before Washington) - April 21

1865 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington - April 21

1995 FBI arrested Timothy McVeigh & charge him with Oklahoma City bombing - April 21

1997 Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit - April 21

 

Oklahoma Day - April 22

1793 President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US - April 22

1817 Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight - April 22

1915 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WWI - April 22

1945 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated - April 22

1951 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC - April 22

1998 Disney's Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States. - April 22

 

Confederate Memorial Day - April 23 (States of AL, FL, GA)

Saint George's Day - April 23

1516 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer - April 23

1597 William Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance - April 23

1662 Connecticut chartered as an English colony - April 23

1861 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War) - April 23

1900 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal) - April 23

1989 Wine merchant William Sokolin breaks a bottle of 1787 Château Margaux, possibly belonging to Thomas Jefferson, worth $500,000 at the Four Seasons restaurant in New York - April 23

 

Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day - April 24

1066 Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed - April 24

1907 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened. - April 24

1915 German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper - April 24

1916 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin - April 24

1953 Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II - April 24

1961 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged - April 24

 

ANZAC Day - April 25 (Australia and New Zealand)

1684 Patent granted for thimble - April 25

1719 Daniel Defoe publishes "Robinson Crusoe" - April 25

1850 Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices - April 25

1901 New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee) - April 25

1928 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen Morris Frank - April 25

2005 The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading  - April 25 Italian army in 1937.

 

Audubon Day - April 26

International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day - April 26

1514 Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn - April 26

1904 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms - April 26

1926 Germany & Russia sign neutrality/peace treaty - April 26

1933 Jewish students are barred from school in Germany - April 26

1954 Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins - April 26

1994 Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle. - April 26

 

1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice - April 27

1667 Blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10. - April 27

1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War) - April 27

1937 1st US social security payment made - April 27

1959 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France) - April 27

2011 U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false "birther" accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate - April 27

 

1788 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution - April 28

1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston - April 28

1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act - April 28

1939 Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect - April 28

2004 Shrek the sheep from Tarra New Zealand, is finally shorn live on tv after 6 years avoidance, the fleece weighed 27 kg (60 lb) - April 28

2005 The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect. - April 28

 

1429 Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans - April 29

1553 Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England - April 29

1861 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War) - April 29

1905 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX - April 29

1975 Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end. - April 29 - April 29

2015 German Measles is declared eradicated from North and South America - 1st world region to do so - April 29

 

1562 1st French colonists in North America: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida – April 30

1789 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America – April 30

1798 US Department of the Navy forms – April 30

1803 US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million) – April 30

1859 Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical "All the Year Round" (weekly installments until Nov 26) – April 30

1975 Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders – April 30


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - May

Month   -   Day

May Monthly Social History Holidays

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month

Haitian Heritage Month

Jewish American Heritage Month

Personal History Awareness Month

Month   -   Day

May Daily Social History Holidays

1006 Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus - May 1

1704 Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper advertisement - May 1

1778 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania. - May 1

1923 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence - May 1

1936 FBI's J. Edgar Hoover arrests gangster Alvin "Creepy" Karpis - May 1

1961 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel "To Kill a Mockingbird" - May 1

 

1194 King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter. - May 2

1536 Anne Boleyn is arrested and taken to the Tower of London - May 2

1863 Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men - May 2

1945 WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders - May 2

1957 Gangster Frank Costello escapes an assassination attempt made by rival mobsters - May 2

2000 President Bill Clinton announces that accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the United States military. - May 2

 

1621 Francis Bacon accused of bribery - May 3

1765 1st US medical college opens in Philadelphia - May 3

1802 Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city - May 3

1915 John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields" - May 3

1942 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star - May 3

1960 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - May 3

 

Rhode Island Independence Day - May 4

1776 Rhode Island declares independence from Britain - May 4

1780 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members - May 4

1851 First major San Francisco fire destroys a quarter of the city - May 4

1864 General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army at Potomac attacks Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Rappahannock River - May 4

1945 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender - May 4

1953 Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for "The Old Man & The Sea" - May 4

 

Europe Day (Council of Europe) – May 5

1494 On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica – May 5

1814 British attack Fort Ontario, Oswego, NY – May 5

1877 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles. – May 5

1925 Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa. – May 5

1964 Separatists riot in Quebec – May 5

2016 Fort McMurray wildfires: Canadian state of Alberta declares a state of emergency as evacuation of 80,000 people continues – May 5

 

1541 King Henry VIII orders bible be placed in every church in England – May 6

1833 John Deere makes 1st steel plough – May 6

1861 Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US – May 6

1861 Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between the Union & the Confederacy – May 6

1937 German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die) – May 6

1940 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Steinbeck (Grapes of Wrath) – May 6

 

1429 English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army – May 7

1663 Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens – May 7

1664 Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles. – May 7

1789 First US Presidential inaugural ball (for George Washington in NYC) – May 7

1914 US Congress establishes mother's day – May 7

1994 Edvard Munch's painting "The Scream" is recovered 3 months after it was stolen – May 7

 

Truman Day - May 8

V-E Day - May 8

1541 Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River - May 8

1784 Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC) - May 8

1835 1st installment of Hans Christian Andersen "Fairy Tales" published by C. A. Reitzel in Copenhagen, Denmark - May 8

1899 Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation (Alpha and Beta Particles) - May 8

1919 Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day. - May 8

1945 V-E Day; WWII ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender - May 8

 

1753 King Louis XV disbands French parliament - May 9

1768 John Hancock pays duties on 25 pipes of wine, only one fourth of his ship's carrying capacity, and British officials accuse him of unloading the rest during the night to avoid paying the duties on the entire cargo - May 9

1788 British parliament accepts abolition of slave trade - May 9

1922 The International Astronomical Union formally adopt Annie Jump Cannon's stellar classification system, which with only minor changes, is still used today - May 9

1960 US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill - May 9

1992 Salem Village Witchcraft Victims' Memorial dedicated in Danvers (formally Salem Village) to mark 300 yr anniversary of trials - May 9

 

Confederate Memorial Day - May 10 (States of North Carolina and South Carolina)

1503 Columbus discovers Cayman Islands - May 10

1534 French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland - May 10

1775 Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia names George Washington, supreme commander - May 10

1797 1st US Navy ship, the "United States," is launched - May 10

1915 Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England - May 10

1993 Paul Cézanne still life painting sells for US$28,600,000 in NYC - May 10

 

1751 1st hospital founded (Pennsylvania Hospital) in the 13 Colonies in America - May 11

1752 1st US fire insurance policy issued in Philadelphia - May 11

1864 Gen J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern - May 11

1904 Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5M to build a peace palace - May 11

1924 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Robert Frost (New Hampshire) - May 11

2015 Record price for a work of art at auction: Picasso's The Women of Algiers (Version ‘O’) sells for US$179.3 million at Christies in New York - May 11

 

1215 English barons serve ultimatum on King John; leads to Magna Carta - May 12

1777 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette) - May 12

1789 William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in UK House of Commons, reasons the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice - May 12

1792 Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented - May 12

1928 Benito Mussolini ends women's rights in Italy - May 12

2014 Voters in Ukraine reject rule from Kiev - May 12

 

1607 English colonists, led by John Smith, land near James River in Virginia - May 13

1777 University library at Vienna opens - May 13

1934 Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies - May 13

1954 Chinese Middle School students in Singapore take part in anti-National Service riots. - May 13

1958 The trade mark Velcro is registered. - May 13

2014 Christopher Columbus's flagship, the Santa María, is discovered off the northern coast of Haiti - May 13

 

Underground America Day - May 14

1607 1st permanent English settlement in New World, Jamestown, Va - May 14

1787 Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US constitution - May 14

1796 English country doctor Edward Jenner administered the first inoculation against smallpox, using cowpox pus, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire - May 14

1804 Meriwether Lewis & William Clark's expedition commissioned by Thomas Jefferson sets out from St Louis for Pacific Coast - May 14

1874 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats University of McGill (Montreal) 3-0 - May 14

1986 Netherlands Institute for War Documentation publishes Anne Frank's complete diary - May 14

 

International Conscientious Objector Day - May 15

1536 Anne Boleyn & brother George, Lord Rochford, accused of adultery and incest - May 15

1618 Johannes Kepler discovers harmonics law - May 15

1672 1st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts - May 15

1869 National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton - May 15

1941 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands forbid Jewish music - May 15

1990 "Portrait of Doctor Gachet" by Vincent van Gogh sold for $82.5 million - May 15

 

Biographer's Day - May 16

1568 Mary Queen of Scotland flees to England - May 16

1771 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina. - May 16

1868 US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote. - May 16

1918 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense. - May 16

1920 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint - May 16

1944 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz - May 16

 

1536 Anne Boleyn's 4 "lovers" executed - May 17

1733 Great Britain passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum & molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions - May 17

1756 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War) - May 17

1775 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada. - May 17

1944 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th - May 17

1993 Intel's new Pentium processor is unveiled - May 17

 

International Museum Day - May 18

National Museum Day - May 18

1631 John Winthrop is elected 1st Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony - May 18

1642 Montreal, Canada, founded - May 18

1652 Rhode Island enacts 1st law declaring slavery illegal - May 18

1860 Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for president - May 18

1897 "Dracula", by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London - May 18

1917 US Congress passes Selective Service Act, authorizing the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through compulsory enlistment - May 18

 

Malcolm X Day - May 19

1536 Ann Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest, and treason - May 19

1568 English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Mary, Queen of Scots - May 19

1643 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England - May 19

1780 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada - May 19

1929 Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium crushes 2 people to death - May 19

2015 Historic first handshake between Prince Charles and Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the National University of Ireland in Galway - May 19

 

Emancipation Day (Florida) - May 20

Josephine Baker Day – May 20

1310 Shoes were made for both right & left feet - May 20

1609 Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe. - May 20

1867 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria - May 20

1873 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent the first blue jeans with copper rivets - May 20

1927 At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis (1st non-stop flight) - May 20

1932 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic - May 20

 

Victoria Day - May 21 (Weekend Preceding Memorial Day)

World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development - May 21

1758 Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War. - May 21

1861 Richmond, Va, is designated Confederate Capital - May 21

1881 American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton - May 21

1914 Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota - May 21

1917 Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WWI - May 21

1925 Canadians allowed to sell beer - May 21

 

Canadian Immigrants Day - May 22

Harvey Milk Day (California) - May 22

1761 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia - May 22

1807 Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond, Virginia (acquitted) - May 22

1807 Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Philadelphia) - May 22

1843 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon - May 22

1900 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative - May 22

1933 Loch Ness Monster is reportedly 1st sighted by John Mackay - May 22

 

1430 Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English - May 23

1701 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore. - May 23

1774 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River) - May 23

1785 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals - May 23

1861 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union - May 23

1939 Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland - May 23

 

1738 John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day. - May 24

1775 John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress - May 24

1844 Samuel Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" in the world's 1st telegraph message - May 24

1856 Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas - May 24

1915 Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations - May 24

1951 Racial segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants ruled illegal - May 24

 

African Liberation Day - May 25

1521 Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther & his followers - May 25

1787 Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding - May 25

1842 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague - May 25

1895 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency - May 25

1927 Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford - May 25

1961 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on Moon before the end of decade - May 25

 

1647 Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut. - May 26

1781 Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia - May 26

1805 Lewis & Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains - May 26

1828 Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg. - May 26

1927 Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produce the last (and 15th million) Model T Ford / Tin Lizzie - May 26

1938 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms - May 26

 

Julia Pierpont Day - May 27 (Fourth Saturday in May)

1679 Habeaus Corpus Act (strengthening person's right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment) passes in England - May 27

1907 Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco - May 27

1933 Walt Disney's "3 Little Pigs" released - May 27

1937 Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, dedicated - May 27

1942 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered - May 27

1961 1st black light is sold - May 27

 

Jefferson Davis Birthday - May 28 (State of Mississippi)

1431 Joan of Arc is accused of relapsing into heresy by donning male clothing again, providing justification for her execution - May 28

1754 Battle of Jumonville Glen: forces led by George Washington kill French Canadian officer Joseph Coulon de Jumonville - May 28

1774 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia) - May 28

1830 US Congress authorizes native Indian to be removed from all states to the western prairie - May 28

1923 Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere - May 28

1972 White House "plumbers" break into the Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate in Washington D.C. - May 28

 

1677 Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians. - May 29

1733 The right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves is upheld at Quebec City. - May 29

1765 Patrick Henry's historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of "Treason!" with, "If this be treason, make the most of it!" - May 29

1780 Battle of Waxhaw Creek: alleged massacre of 113 of Colonel Abraham Buford's continentals by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton's troops after the continentals raised a white flag - May 29

1919 Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington - May 29

1953 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition - May 29

 

1431 Hundred Years' War: in Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. - May 30

1806 Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson's wife of bigamy. - May 30

1842 John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria - May 30

1868 'Decoration Day', later called Memorial Day, first observed in Northern US states - May 30

1942 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor - May 30

1967 Robert "Evel" Knievel's motorcycle jumps 16 automobiles - May 30

 

1621 Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night - May 31

1634 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony - May 31

1790 US copyright law enacted - May 31

1879 Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison - May 31

1889 Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn - May 31

1985 Tornadoes in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York State & Canada kill 88 & injured more than 1,000 - May 31


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - June

Month   -  Day

June Monthly Social History Holidays

Caribbean-American Heritage Month

National Caribbean-American Heritage Month

Month   -  Day

June Daily Social History Holidays

1533 Anne Boleyn crowned queen of England – June 1

1660 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. – June 1

1843 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist – June 1

1985 Weird Al Yankovic released his Dare To Be Stupid LP – June 1

 

1862 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgin during US Civil War – June 2

1875 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission – June 2

1933 FDR authorizes 1st swimming pool built inside the White House – June 2

1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey – June 2

 

Chimborazo Day - June 3

Jefferson Davis Birthday - June 3, 2018 (Local Observance in the State of Florida) - June 3

1781 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack - June 3

1864 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor - June 3

1962 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands - June 3

1976 US presented with oldest known copy of Magna Carta - June 3

 

1756 Quakers leave assembly of Pennsylvania - June 4

1896 Henry Ford takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit - June 4

1940 Winston Churchill says "We shall fight on the seas & oceans" - June 4

2012 Wedding party bus crashes killing 23 and injuring 60 people in Islamabad, Pakistan - June 4

 

Apple II Day - June 5

1661 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge - June 5

1888 US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president - June 5

1937 Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week - June 5

1944 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies - June 5

 

1716 1st slaves arrive in Louisiana - June 6

1816 10" of snowfall in New England, part of a "year without a summer" which followed the eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia - June 6

1944 Operation Neptune, D-Day: 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France in WWII - June 6

1944 Nazi troops executed 96 prisoners by firing squad - June 6

 

Daniel Boone Day - June 7

VCR Day - June 7

1769 Daniel Boone begins exploring Bluegrass State of Kentucky - June 7

1776 Richard Lee (VA) moves Declaration of Independence in Continental Congress - June 7

1955 1st President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower) - June 7

2012 16th century archaeology remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare's plays were first performed, were found under a pub in London - June 7

 

1191 Richard I arrives in Acre thus beginning his crusade. - June 8

1789 James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives. - June 8

1968 The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery. - June 8

2014 Couple ambush a restaurant in Las Vegas killing 2 police officers, a civilian and themselves - June 8

 

1534 Jacques Cartier 1st sails into mouth of St Lawrence River - June 9

1772 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, RI - June 9

1942 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”. - June 9

2013 Edward Snowden publically makes his identity known as the leaker of NSA documents - June 9

 

Multicultural American Child Awareness Day - June 10 (Second Sunday in June)

Queen's Official Birthday - June 10 (Celebrated on a Saturday during the Summer) - June 10

1540 Thomas Cromwell arrested in Westminster - June 10

1793 Washington supersedes Philadelphia as US capital - June 10

1933 Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Park flip their car into a ravine, and Parker suffers serious third degree burns from the accident which would affect her for the rest of her life - June 10

1963 US Equal Pay Act signed into law by President John F. Kennedy - June 10

 

Kamehameha Day - Public Holiday in the State of Hawaii - June 11

1184 BC Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes. - June 11

1742 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove - June 11

1770 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia - June 11

1776 Continental Congress creates committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence - June 11

 

1787 US Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old - June 12

1885 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France - June 12

1942 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam - June 12

2016 70th Tony Awards: "Hamilton" wins 11 awards after record 16 nominations - June 12

 

1774 Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves - June 13

1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states - June 13

1942 FDR creates Office of War with Elmer Davis as head - June 13

1967 Thurgood Marshall nominated as 1st black Supreme Court justice - June 13

 

Family History Day - June 14

1775 US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight American Revolutionary War - June 14

1777 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes replacing the Grand Union flag - June 14

1942 Anne Frank begins her diary - June 14

2013 The US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property - June 14

 

Magna Carta Day - June 15

Native American Citizenship Day - June 15

1215 King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor, England - June 15

1219 Dannebrog is the flag of Denmark and the oldest national flag in the world. According to legend, it fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes' luck. - June 15

1775 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the American Army - June 15

1994 Ruth Bader Ginsburg sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice - June 15

 

International Day of the African Child - June 16

1784 Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes - June 16

1896 Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, Calif - June 16

1897 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later. - June 16

2016 Philadelphia is the first US state to pass a tax on sweetened drinks - June 16

 

1700 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony - June 17

1932 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits. - June 17

1950 1st kidney transplant (Chicago) - June 17

1983 Ed Warren and Lorraine Warren exorcise a "werewolf demon" from Bill Ramsey, although the lack of photo or video evidence has called this claim into question - June 17

 

1529 Blackfriars begin: Henry VIII & Catharina of Aragon - June 18

1682 William Penn founds Philadelphia, US - June 18

1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President - June 18

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space - June 18

 

Juneteenth - June 19

1610 Samuel de Champlain and his French army defeat the Mohawk people at the Battle of Sorel in New France, present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec - June 19

1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories - June 19

1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth - June 19

1978 Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip - June 19

 

1837 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She ruled for 63 years ending in 1901 - June 20

1867 US President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska - June 20

1893 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts - June 20

2015 1000 humanoid robots named "Pepper" sell out in under a minute ($1,600 each) in Japan, according to its creator SoftBank Robotics Corp. - June 20

 

Ann & Samantha Day - June 21, 2017 and December 21, 2017 (Day of the Summer and Winter Solstice) - June 21

1788 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it - June 21

1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria - June 21

2003 "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" the 5th book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide in English - June 21

2006 Pluto's newly discovered moons are officially named Nix & Hydra. - June 21

 

1342 Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reckoning) - June 22

1611 Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery & never seen again - June 22

1633 Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope (Oct 31, 1992 Vatican admits it was wrong) - June 22

1812 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn the British troops, which results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams - June 22

 

1683 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken" - June 23

1775 1st regatta held on Thames, England - June 23

1949 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School - June 23

1955 Walt Disney's "Lady & the Tramp" released - June 23

 

Descendants Day - June 24 (Last Sunday in June)

1441 Eton College founded by Henry VI - June 24

1497 John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England (believes he found Asia in Nova Scotia) - June 24

1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey - June 24

1540 English King Henry VIII commands his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves, to leave the court - June 24

 

1788 Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution - June 25

1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed - June 25

1941 FDR issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination - June 25

1947 1st version of Anne Frank's diary "Het Achterhuis" published in The Netherlands - June 25

 

1857 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria - June 26

1959 Queen Elizabeth & President Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway - June 26

1963 US President John F. Kennedy gives his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" (intended to mean "I am a Berliner", but may actually mean "I am a dougnut") speech in West Berlin - June 26

1997 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is published, the first instalment of the best selling series by J. K. Rowling - June 26

 

Helen Keller Day - June 27

1759 General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec. - June 27

1778 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure - June 27

1857 James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud - June 27

2008 Bill Gates steps down as Chairman of Microsoft Corporation to work full time for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. - June 27

 

Paul Bunyan Day - June 28

Ryan Moran Day - June 28 (First Full Moon in June)

1776 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress - June 28

1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots - June 28

1838 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London - June 28

1914 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10:45, the casus belli of WWI - June 28

 

1540 English ex-chancellor Thomas Cromwell sentenced as heretic - June 29

1613 Shakespeare's Globe Theatre burns down - June 29

1776 Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor - June 29

2002 US Vice President Dick Cheney, serves as Acting President for two and a half hours, while President George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy procedure. - June 29

 

1559 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. - June 30

1860 Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce - June 30

1894 London's Tower Bridge opens - June 30

1906 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular) - June 30


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - July

Week  -   Day

July Weekly Social History Holidays

Freedom Week - July 4-10

Jim Thorpe Native American Games - July 15-20

Robin Hood Day - July 21-22 (Second Weekend)

Week  -   Day

July Daily Social History Holidays

Canada Day - July 1

1776 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies - July 1

1862 Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time - July 1

1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted - July 1

1934 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY - July 1

 

1776 At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence - July 2

1843 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina - July 2

1863 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day) - July 2

1979 Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued, 1st US coin to honor a woman - July 2

 

1754 George Washington surrenders to French, Fort Necessity (7 Years' War) - July 3

1775 Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass - July 3

1863 Battle of Gettysburg: Largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War - July 3

1938 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield. - July 3

 

Independence Day (4th of July) - July 4

Indivisible Day - July 4

1754 George Washington gives Ft Necessity to France - July 4

1776 According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the Second Continental Congress - July 4

1776 US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain - July 4

1845 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond - July 4

 

1775 Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III. - July 5

1852 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham - July 5

1865 Great Britain creates world's 1st speed limit law - July 5

1986 Nancy Reagan cuts a red, white and blue ribbon to reopen Statue of Liberty after refurbishment - July 5

 

1776 American Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette" - July 6

1885 Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine - July 6

1924 1st photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, US-England - July 6

1942 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam - July 6

 

1668 Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge - July 7

1753 British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament (opens in 1759) - July 7

1863 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100) - July 7

1928 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped. - July 7

 

1758 British & Colonial assault on French forces at Ticonderoga, NY - July 8

1776 Col John Nixon gives the 1st public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia - July 8

1999 "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" the 3rd book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published by Bloomsbury in the UK - July 8

2000 "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", the 4th book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published in the UK (Bloomsbury) and the US (Scholastic) - July 8

 

1755 Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British - July 9

1755 British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War - July 9

1776 Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY) - July 9

1962 Andy Warhol's first West Coast gallery exhibition in the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles - July 9

 

Clerihew Day - July 10

988 The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey - July 10

1040 Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry, according to legend, to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes - July 10

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate - July 10

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia - July 10

 

Bowdler's Day - July 11

1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicates England's King Henry VIII - July 11

1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is almost completely destroyed by fire - July 11

1804 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel - July 11

1960 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co. - July 11

 

1774 Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence - July 12

1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr - July 12

1998 Pres. Nelson Mandela accompanies Queen Elizabeth II on a coach drive through the streets of London - July 12

2013 Malala Yousafzai addresses the United Nations and calls for worldwide access to education - July 12

 

1836 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels - July 13

1837 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace - July 13

1960 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate - July 13

1988 Sting performs his 1st Rain Forest benefit concert - July 13

 

Bastille Day - July 14

1789 Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the fall of the Bastille Prison - July 14

1798 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government - July 14

1870 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year - July 14

2015 Harper Lee's 2nd novel "Go Set A Watchman", an early 1957 version of "To Kill A Mocking Bird" goes on sale in 70 countries - July 14

 

Lake Superior Day - July 15 (Third Sunday in July)

Saint Swithin's Day  - July 15

1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign. - July 15

1922 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at NY zoo - July 15

1932 US President Hoover cuts own salary 15% - July 15

1968 "One Life to Live" premieres on TV - July 15

 

1429 Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims - July 16

1790 US Congress establishes District of Columbia - July 16

1969 Apollo 11 launched, carrying 1st men to land on Moon - July 16

2005 "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", the 6th book in the series by J. K. Rowling, is published worldwide. 9 million copies sell in 24 hrs - July 16

 

Disneyland's Anniversary - July 17 (First Opened July 17, 1955)

1585 English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I - July 17

1775 1st military hospital approved - July 17

1942 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15 - July 17

2015 Scientists solve mystery of sleeping sickness in two villages in northern Kazakhstan - uranium mining had caused increase in carbon monoxide - July 17

 

Nelson Mandela International Day - July 18

1864 President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service - July 18

1925 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf - July 18

1986 Videotapes released showing Titanic's sunken remains - July 18

1994 Crayola announces introduction of scented crayons - July 18

 

1545 King Henry VIII's flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth; 73 die - July 19

1553 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days - July 19

1848 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott - July 19

1969 Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit - July 19

 

1861 Confederate states' congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va - July 20

1881 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops - July 20

1932 In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House. - July 20

1969 1st Moon Landing: Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin from Apollo 11, 530 million watch live global broadcast - July 20

 

1861 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins - July 21

1865 In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown. - July 21

1969 Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT) - July 21

2007 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide. 11 million copies sell in 24 hrs - July 21

 

Anne Hutchinson Memorial Day - July 22 (On a Sunday, either before or after her birthday on 7/20)

1775 George Washington takes command of the Continental Army - July 22

1937 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court - July 22

1939 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge (NY) - July 22

1975 US House of Representatives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee - July 22

 

World Sjogren's Day - July 23

1904 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches - July 23

1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University) - July 23

1942 Hitler's Directive number 45: order to occupy Stalingrad - July 23

1994 Amy Osmond of Utah, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss - July 23

 

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots - July 24

1824 Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll, with a clear lead for Andrew Jackson - July 24

1847 Brigham Young & his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, UT - July 24

2002 On 200th anniversary of his birth French author Alexandre Dumas' ('The Three Musketeers') ashes are interred in the Panthéon in Paris in a televised ceremony. - July 24

 

1722 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border. - July 25

1759 British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War) - July 25

1775 Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta - July 25

1983 1st non-human primate (baboon) conceived in a lab dish, San Antonio - July 25

 

1656 Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn declares he is insolvent - July 26

1759 French troops vacate Ticonderoga NY - July 26

1775 United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin - July 26

1946 President Harry Truman orders desegregation of all US forces - July 26

 

1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings first tobacco to England from Virginia - July 27

1816 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves - July 27

1940 Bugs Bunny debuts in "Wild Hare" - July 27

1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking - July 27

 

1917 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting against lynching - July 28

1933 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC - July 28

1943 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US - July 28

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9 - July 28

 

1609 Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years - July 29

1848 Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police - July 29

1923 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin - July 29

1928 Test footage first created for Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" with Mickey Mouse - July 29

 

1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body - July 30

1729 City of Baltimore founded - July 30

1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution - July 30

1965 LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966 - July 30

 

1620 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden for England before heading to America - July 31

1777 Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army - July 31

1970 Black Tot Day: the last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy (started 1740) - July 31

2016 “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child" a play by Jack Thorne, with contributions by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide at midnight - July 31


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - August

Month   -   Week  -   Day

August Monthly Social History Holidays

American Adventures Month

American Artists Appreciation Month

American History Essay Contest

What Will Be Your Legacy Month

Month   -   Week  -   Day

August Weekly Social History Holidays

Gallop International Tribal Indian Powwow - August 3-11

Month   -   Week  -   Day

August Daily Social History Holidays

Lughnasa - August 1

1774 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen - August 1

1794 Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania - August 1

1831 London Bridge opens to traffic - August 1

1914 France & Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI - August 1

 

1610 Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay - August 2

1776 Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people (date most accepted by modern historians) - August 2

1782 George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction - August 2

1865 Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" - August 2

 

1492 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships - August 3

1900 Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded. - August 3

1934 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader) - August 3

1943 Gen Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice - August 3

 

1753 George Washington becomes a master mason - August 4

1790 US Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service - August 4

1892 Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden arrested in Fall River, Massachusetts on two counts of murder - August 4

1944 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified - August 4

 

1689 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France. - August 5

1763 Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run. - August 5

1882 Martial law is imposed in Japan. - August 5

1926 Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1½ hrs before escaping - August 5

 

Hiroshima Day - August 6

1861 US Congress passes First Confiscation Act - August 6

1914 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed - August 6

1914 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany - August 6

1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay" - August 6

 

1573 Francis Drake's fleet returns to Plymouth after a year spent raiding for Spanish treasure - August 7

1606 Possible first performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth - August 7

1620 Johannes Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft - August 7

1782 George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal - August 7

 

1609 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope - August 8

1758 British troops occupy & plunder Cherbourg - August 8

1796 Boston African Society establishes with 44 members - August 8

1844 Brigham Young chosen as head of Mormon Church following the death of Joseph Smith - August 8

 

Veep Day - August 9

International Day of the World's Indigenous People - August 9

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts - August 9

1778 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits - August 9

1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii - August 9

1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty - August 9

 

Smithsonian Day - August 10

1497 John Cabot tells King Henry VII of his trip to "Asia" - August 10

1585 English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Netherlands - August 10

1776 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London. - August 10

1793 Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts - August 10

 

Ingersoll Day - August 11

1885 $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty - August 11

1909 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC - August 11

1914 John Wray patents animation - August 11

1950 Ethel Rosenberg testifies before grand jury on allegations of spying for the Soviet Union - August 11

 

IBM PC Day - August 12

National Spirit of '45 Day - August 12 (Second Sunday in August)

3 Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem - August 12

1492 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World - August 12

1676 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England - August 12

1877 Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device - August 12

 

1608 John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication - August 13

1732 Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris - August 13

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette - August 13

1889 William Gray patents coin-operated telephone - August 13

 

National Navajo Code Talkers Day - August 14

V-J Day - August 14

1756 French capture Fort Oswego, NY - August 14

1765 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree) - August 14

1846 Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes - August 14

1848 Oregon Territory created - August 14

 

Chauvin Day - August 15

1861 Abraham Lincoln orders reinforcements be sent to Missouri - August 15

1945 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II - August 15

1945 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends - August 15

1945 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas) - August 15

 

1691 Yorktown, Virginia founded - August 16

1858 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan - August 16

1861 President Abraham Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy - August 16

1894 Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith - August 16

 

1579 Francois of Anjou visits English Queen Elizabeth I - August 17

1807 Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont begins 1st trip up Hudson River - August 17

1940 Hitler orders total blockade of Great Britain - August 17

1998 Monica Lewinsky scandal: US President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony he had an "improper physical relationship" - August 17

 

293 BC The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded - August 18

1862 Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed) - August 18

1969 Mick Jagger accidentally shot while filming "Ned Kelly" - August 18

1996 Record 6,654 tap at Macy's Tap-o-mania in NYC - August 18

 

1959 Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League - August 19

1959 Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit - August 19

1965 Auschwitz trials end with 6 life sentences - August 19

1993 Mattel & Fisher Price toy companies merge - August 19

 

1781 George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis - August 20

1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas - August 20

1896 Dial telephone patented - August 20

1920 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes - August 20

 

1680 Pueblo Indians takes possession of Santa Fé from Spanish - August 21

1831 Nat Turner slave revolt kills 55 (Southampton County, Virginia) - August 21

1942 Alpine hunters plant German flag on Elbroezgebergte, Kaukasus - August 21

1942 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany - August 21

 

1762 1st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport RI, Mercury - August 22

1775 King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion - August 22

1848 The United States annexes New Mexico - August 22

1865 William Sheppard is issued the first US patent for liquid soap - August 22

 

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade & it's Abolition - August 23

Valentino Day - August 23

79 Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on feast day of Vulcan, Roman god of fire (goes on to destroy Pompeii) - August 23

1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England. - August 23

1821 Mexico declares independence - August 23

1864 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama - August 23

 

Pluto Demoted Day - August 24

Vesuvius Day - August 24

William Wilberforce Day - August 24

79 Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Roman Pompeii & Herculaneum, 15,000 die - August 24

1215 Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid - August 24

1682 Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn - August 24

1847 Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre" - August 24

 

Founders Day (National Park Service) - August 25

1212 Children's crusade under Nicolas (10) reaches Genoa - August 25

1609 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers - August 25

1689 Montreal taken by Iroquois - August 25

1835 New York Sun publishes Moon hoax story about John Herschel - August 25

 

Women's Equality Day - August 26

1498 Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà. - August 26

1748 The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - August 26

1907 Harry Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds - August 26

1929 First US roller coaster built - August 26

 

1776 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island - August 27

1783 First hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches an altitude of 900m - August 27

1928 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident - August 27

1955 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published - August 27

 

1609 English explorer Henry Hudson, discovers & explores Delaware Bay - August 28

1789 William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus - August 28

1898 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola". - August 28

1925 Meteorite falls on Ellemeet, Schouwen, Devil Island - August 28

 

1756 England & France meet in war - August 29

1758 New Jersey Legislature forms 1st Indian reservation - August 29

1844 1st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win - August 29

1854 Self-governing windmill patented (Daniel Halladay) - August 29

 

1682 William Penn left England to sail to New World - August 30

1776 Continental Army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC - August 30

1791 Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker's letter on the issue of slavery - August 30

1850 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city - August 30

 

1142 Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah - August 31

1842 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress - August 31

1887 Thomas Edison patents Kinetoscope, a device which produces moving pictures - August 31

1940 US National Guard assembles - August 31


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - September

Month   -   Week  -   Day

September Monthly Social History Holidays

Intergeneration Month

Latino Heritage Month

National Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15 - October 15)

Month   -   Week  -   Day

September Weekly Social History Holidays

Constitution Week - September 17-23

Banned Books Week - September 23-29 (Fourth Week of September)

Month   -   Week  -   Day

September Daily Social History Holidays

Emma M. Nutt Day - September 1

1535 French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal) - September 1

1689 Russia began taxing men's beards - September 1

1804 Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding. - September 1

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire - September 1

 

V-J Day - September 2 (Ceremony & Formal Signing of Japanese Surrender) - September 2

44 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion. - September 2

1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress - September 2

1798 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia - September 2

1864 Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during US Civil War - September 2

 

Birth of Anna, Duchess of Bedford, Creator of Afternoon Tea - September 3

1189 Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. - September 3

1651 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists - September 3

1777 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time - September 3

1833 New York Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper) - September 3

 

1571 Catholic rebellion in Scotland - September 4

1781 Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos - September 4

1807 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat - September 4

1833 1st newsboy hired - September 4

 

1666 Great Fire of London ends, leaving 13,200 houses destroyed and 8 dead - September 5

1793 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins - September 5

1862 General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland - September 5

1882 10,000 workers march in 1st Labor Day parade in NYC - September 5

 

1620 The Mayflower departs Plymouth, England with 102 Pilgrims and about 30 crew for the New World - September 6

1866 Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention - September 6

1916 1st true supermarket, the "Piggly Wiggly" is opened - September 6

1952 Canadian TV begins in Montreal - September 6

 

Google Commemoration Day - September 7

Grandma Moses Day - September 7

1813 "Uncle Sam" 1st used to refer to the US - September 7

1936 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation - September 7

1977 Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy is released from prison after serving 4 years and 4 1/2 months - September 7

1986 Desmond Tutu becomes Anglican archbishop of Capetown - September 7

 

Pardon Day - September 8

1756 French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition. - September 8

1939 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe - September 8

1952 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published - September 8

1986 "The Oprah Winfrey Show" is first broadcast nationally - September 8

 

1543 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" - September 9

1776 Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (Was the United Colonies) - September 9

1862 Robert E. Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry - September 9

1957 US President Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction - September 9

 

National Grandparent's Day - September 10, 2017 (First Sunday After Labor Day) - September 10

1608 John Smith elected president of Jamestown colony council, Va - September 10

1776 George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers - September 10

1942 RAF drops 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf - September 10

1997 Discovery buys Travel Channel for $20 million - September 10

 

9/11 Remembrance Day - September 11

Libraries Remember Day - September 11

1649 Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists in Ireland - September 11

1773 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace" - September 11

1789 Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury - September 11

2001 Hijacked planes crash into New York’s World Trade Towers, the Pentagon, and a field in Shanksville, Pa killing 2,941 people - September 11

 

United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation - September 12

1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec. - September 12

1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC) - September 12

1928 Katharine Hepburn's NY stage debut in "Night Hostess" - September 12

1944 US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time - September 12

 

Roald Dahl Day - September 13

122 Building begins on Hadrian's Wall, Northern England - September 13

1503 Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David. - September 13

1789 1st loan to US government (from NYC banks) - September 13

1965 Today Show's 1st totally color broadcast - September 13

 

1716 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit (Boston Harbor) - September 14

1752 Britain (and American colonies) adopt the Gregorian calendar (no Sept 3-Sept 13th) - September 14

1872 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War - September 14

1899 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality in the US (NY) - September 14

 

1683 Germantown, Pensylvania, founded by 13 immigrant families - September 15

1762 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War. - September 15

1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza - September 15

1947 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, OH - September 15

 

Anne Bradstreet Day - September 16

Mayflower Day - September 16

National Mexican Independence Day - September 16

Trail of Tears Commemoration Day - September 16

1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides" - September 16

1847 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon - September 16

1848 Slavery abolished in all French territories - September 16

1893 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders - September 16

 

Citizenship Day - September 17

Constitution Day - September 17

1691 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter - September 17

1778 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt) - September 17

1787 US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention - September 17

1849 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers - September 17

 

1755 Fort Ticonderoga, New York opens - September 18

1789 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents & Congress - September 18

1793 US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building - September 18

1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange last letters before eloping - September 18

 

1777 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga - September 19

1778 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States. - September 19

1796 George Washington's farewell address as president - September 19

1941 Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars - September 19

 

1814 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith – September 20

1879 Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit – September 20

1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President – September 20

1891 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. – September 20

 

Constitution Day / Pledge Across America - September 21 (Third Friday in September)

1780 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point – September 21

1885 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right – September 21

1897 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial – September 21

1966 Jimmy Hendrix changes spelling of his name to Jimi – September 21

 

National Centenarian's Day - September 22

1598 Playwright and poet Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter as the result of a duel. - September 22

1656 All female jury hears case of woman who killed her child (acquit her) - September 22

1692 Last people hanged for witchcraft (8) in the US, 20 hanged overall during Salem witch trials - September 22

1817 John Quincy Adams becomes US Secretary of State - September 22

 

1780 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point - September 23

1806 Lewis & Clark return to St Louis from Pacific Northwest - September 23

1980 Big Thunder Mountain Railroad opens - September 23

1999 NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter. - September 23

 

1924 Boston, Massachusetts, opens its airport - September 24

1955 US President Eisenhower suffers a heart attack on vacation in Denver - September 24

1957 President Eisenhower orders US troops to desegregate Little Rock schools - September 24

1995 Volcano Mount Ruapehu (North Island, NZ) erupts - September 24

 

1775 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured - September 25

1780 Benedict Arnold joins the British - September 25

1897 1st British bus service opens - September 25

1926 Henry Ford announces 8 hour, 5-day work week - September 25

 

Johnny Appleseed Day - September 26

1680 Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal - September 26

1772 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine - September 26

1783 Fayette County, Pennsylvania created - September 26

1890 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece - September 26

 

Ancestor Appreciation Day - September 27

Banned Books Day - September 27

1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain - September 27

1864 Jesse James' gang surprise attack train: 150 killed - September 27

1892 Book matches are patented by Diamond Match Company - September 27

1908 Henry Ford's first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan - September 27

 

Native American Day - September 28 (4th Friday in September - California)

1701 Divorce legalized in Maryland - September 28

1971 UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis. - September 28

1982 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 505 - September 28

2015 NASA scientists announce the discovery of flowing water on Mars - September 28

 

MAGS Day - September 29

1885 The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England. - September 29

1915 1st transcontinental radio telephone message is sent - September 29

1916 American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first billionaire - September 29

1962 JFK authorized use of federal troops to integrate U of Mississippi - September 29

 

1777 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance - September 30

1888 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London - September 30

1946 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg - September 30

1960 Flintstones premieres (1st prime time animation show) - September 30


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - October

Month   -   Day

October Monthly Social History Holidays

German-American Heritage Month

Gay and Lesbian History Month

Italian-American Heritage Month

LGBT History Month

Month of Free Thought

National Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15 - October 15)

Polish-American Heritage Month

UNICEF Month

Month   -   Day

October Daily Social History Holidays

331 BC Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela - October 1

1768 British troops under General Gauge land in Boston - October 1

1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825) - October 1

1934 Adolf Hitler expands German army & navy & creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles - October 1

1968 "Night of the Living Dead" premieres in Pittsburgh - October 1

 

1535 Jacques Cartier discovers Mount Royal (Montreal) - October 2

1656 English North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers - October 2

1902 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London - October 2

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed - October 2

1979 Pope John Paul II visits New York City, and at the U.N. denounces all concentration camps and torture - October 2

 

1789 Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26 - October 3

1849 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death. - October 3

1863 Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day - October 3

1955 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres - October 3

1997 Gordie Howie, 69, plays in 7th decade, with IHL'S Detroit Vipers - October 3

 

1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale. - October 4

1777 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania - October 4

1854 Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair - October 4

1915 Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established - October 4

1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I - October 4

 

610 Heraclius' fleet takes Constantinople - October 5

1582 Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy and other Catholic countries - October 5

1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris - October 5

1905 Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3" - October 5

 

National German-American Day - October 6

1683 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown Pa (Philadelphia) - October 6

1781 Americans & French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of American Revolutionary War - October 6

1889 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture - October 6

1939 Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem - October 6

2010 Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger launch Instagram - October 6

 

Intergeneration Day - October 7 (First Sunday in October)

International African Diaspora Day - October 7 (First Sunday in October)

1763 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north & west of Alleghenies to white settlement - October 7

1765 Stamp Act Congress convenes in NY - October 7

1955 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco. - October 7

1993 Nobel prize for literature awarded to American Toni Morrison - October 7

2014 Spanish nurse diagnosed with Ebola, the first case outside west Africa - October 7

 

Alvin C. York Day - October 8

Columbus Day - October 8 (Second Monday in October)

1492 Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico - October 8

1633 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government - October 8

1775 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army - October 8

1918 American soldier Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans - October 8

1945 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada - October 8

 

Ada Lovelace Day - October 9 (Second Tuesday of October)

Leif Erikson Day - October 9

768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks - October 9

1000 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America - October 9

1874 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland - October 9

1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles - October 9

1947 First telephone conversation between a moving car & a plane - October 9

 

1845 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis - October 10

1846 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell - October 10

1954 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops - October 10

1970 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day) - October 10

2014 Malala Yousafzai & Kailash Satyarthi win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize - October 10

 

1521 Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith "King of England - October 11

1776 Brig Gen Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British - October 11

1864 Slavery abolished in Maryland - October 11

1922 First woman FBI "special investigator" appointed (Alaska Davidson) - October 11

1968 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours - October 11

 

1285 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire - October 12

1773 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia - October 12

1901 Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion", "The White House" - October 12

1928 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital) - October 12

1975 Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries - October 12

 

54 Nero suceeds Claudius as Roman Emperor - October 13

1775 First US Navy forms when Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet - October 13

1792 "Old Farmer's Almanac" is 1st published and edited by Robert Thomas - October 13

1792 Cornerstone laid for the Executive Mansion (White House) in Washington - October 13

1864 Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid) - October 13

 

1066 Battle of Hastings, Duke William of Normandy and the Norman army defeat English forces of Harold II - October 14

1586 Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth - October 14

1834 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings. - October 14

1926 AA Milne's book "Winnie the Pooh" released - October 14

1960 Peace Corps 1st suggested by JFK - October 14

 

1789 1st Presidential tour-George Washington in New England - October 15

1874 Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force - October 15

1941 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death - October 15

1993 Nelson Mandela & South Africa President F W de Klerk awarded the Nobel Peace Prize - October 15

2001 NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io. - October 15

 

1775 Portland, Maine burned by British - October 16

1781 Washington takes Yorktown - October 16

1847 Charlotte Brontë's book "Jane Eyre" published - October 16

1863 Grant is given command of Union forces in West - October 16

1940 Lottery for 1st US WW II draftees held; #158 drawn 1st - October 16

 

National Fossil Day - October 17 (Wednesday of the Second Full Week in October)

1456 The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia) - October 17

1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth - October 17

1781 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown - October 17

1894 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man - October 17

1933 Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany - October 17

 

1867 US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia having paid $7.2 million - October 18

1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico - October 18

1929 Women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law - October 18

1967 Walt Disney's "Jungle Book" film is released - October 18

1989 Hungary revises its constitution after the fall of its Communist regime - October 18

 

1512 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia) - October 19

1781 British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends - October 19

1818 US Government & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty - October 19

1870 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives - October 19

1960 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in - October 19

 

1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade - October 20

1603 Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed - October 20

1820 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million - October 20

1864 US President Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday - October 20

1945 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials - October 20

 

1520 Explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first Europeans to sail into the Pacific Ocean - October 21

1854 Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War - October 21

1940 RAF drops 1st anti-nazi pamphlets on Netherlands - October 21

1967 Thousands opposing Vietnam War try to storm Pentagon - October 21

2013 The Parliament of Canada confers Honorary Canadian citizenship on women's rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai - October 21

 

362 The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire. - October 22

1861 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed - October 22

1875 Sons of American Revolution organizes - October 22

1879 Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb - October 22

1907 Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum & Bailey circus - October 22

 

425 Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6 - October 23

1690 Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking - October 23

1760 First Jewish prayer books printed in North America - October 23

1775 Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army - October 23

1814 1st plastic surgery is performed (England) - October 23

 

1593 Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico - October 24

1861 West Virginia seceded from Virginia - October 24

1901 First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor) - October 24

1931 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion - October 24

1939 Nazi require wearing of Star of David by Jews - October 24

 

1492 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María lands at Dominican Republic - October 25

1760 George III becomes King of Great Britain - October 25

1870 Postcards first used in USA - October 25

1918 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die - October 25

1992 Lithuania holds a referendum on its first post-Soviet constitution. - October 25

 

740 An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing damage to city walls and buildings - October 26

1492 Lead pencils first used - October 26

1682 William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York - October 26

1787 "Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of United States' Constitution - October 26

1973 President Nixon released first White House tapes on Watergate scandal - October 26

 

1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam - October 27

1676 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw - October 27

1901 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes" - October 27

1917 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US - October 27

1992 Great Britain issues postage stamp on 100th anniversary of JRR Tolkien - October 27

 

1492 Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain - October 28

1636 Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts founded - October 28

1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin - October 28

1904 St Louis police try a new investigation method – fingerprints - October 28

1971 John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC - October 28

 

1390 First trial for witchcraft in Paris. - October 29

1618 English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England. - October 29

1811 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans - October 29

1945 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro - October 29

1974 Law bans discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application - October 29

 

1873 P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City) - October 30

1896 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator - October 30

1922 Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy - October 30

1944 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen - October 30

1944 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk - October 30

 

1517 Martin Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church - precipitates the Protestant Reformation - October 31

1846 Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp - October 31

1892 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes - October 31

1941 Mount Rushmore Monument is completed - October 31

1971 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explode a bomb at the Post Office Tower in London - October 31


January  |  February  |  March  |  April  |  May  |  June  |  July  |  August
September  |  October  |  November  | December


Social History Calendar - November

Month   -   Week  -   Day

November Monthly Social History Holidays

Aviation History Month

Historic Bridge Awareness Month

Native American Heritage Month

Month   -   Week  -   Day

November Weekly Social History Holidays

Kristallnacht - November 9-10

Month   -   Week  -   Day

November Daily Social History Holidays

1349 Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells – November 1

1512 Michelangelo's paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel in the Vatican first exhibited – November 1

1604 William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" first presented – November 1

1765 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies – November 1

1800 John Adams becomes the first US president to live in White House – November 1

1848 First US women's medical school opens (Boston) – November 1

 

1675 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War. – November 2

1824 Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Andrew Jackson beats J Q Adams – November 2

1889 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States – November 2

1944 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates – November 2

2000 The first crew arrives at the International Space Station. – November 2

 

1796 John Adams elected president of the United States of America – November 3

1868 First black Congressman elected (John W Menard, Louisiana) – November 3

1883 US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans – November 3

1913 The USA introduces an income tax. – November 3

1955 Alabama woman bruised by a meteor – November 3

1979 Five people mortally wounded during anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in NC – November 3

 

1529 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested – November 4

1921 The Sturmabteilung or SA (the "Brown Shirts") is formally formed by Adolf Hitler – November 4

1939 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II – November 4

1970 Genie, a 13 year old feral child was found in Los Angeles, California having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life. – November 4

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States – November 4

2015 Justin Trudeau sworn in as Canadian Prime Minister with a cabinet split equally between men and women – November 4

 

Guy Fawkes Day - November 5

1605 Gunpowder Plot; attempt to blow up King James I while he opened Parliament. Plot discovered and Guy Fawkes caught and tortured. He and seven others were later executed - November 5

1639 First post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts - November 5

1917 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Louisville, Kentucky, ordinance requiring backs & whites to live in separate areas - November 5

1937 Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war - November 5

1940 US President FDR (D) wins unprecedented 3rd term beating Wendell Willkie (R) - November 5

1955 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly - November 5

 

1572 Supernova is observed in constellation known as Cassiopeia - November 6

1860 Abraham Lincoln (Rep-R-Ill) elected 16th American President - November 6

1861 Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as US Confederate President - November 6

1879 Canada celebrates 1st Thanksgiving Day - November 6

1917 New York State adopts a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections - November 6

1918 WW I: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan - November 6

1910 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse. - November 7

1916 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) elected to Congress as its first woman Representative - November 7

1955 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas - November 7

1995 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Pittsburgh PA on WXDX 105.9 FM - November 7

2012 Voters in Maine, Maryland and Washington approve measures for same-sex marriage - November 7

 

1731 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st US library - November 8

1789 Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon Ky) - November 8

1864 Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as American President - November 8

1895 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays - November 8

1944 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor - November 8

1974 Ted Bundy victim Debi Kent disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah - November 8

 

1541 Queen Catharine Howard confined in Tower of London - November 9

1764 Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet. - November 9

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes dictator (1st consul) of France - November 9

1851 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape. - November 9

1888 Jack Ripper's 5th and probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed - November 9

1925 German NSDAP (Nazi party) forms Schutzstaffel (SS) - November 9

 

1911 Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corporation (for scholarly & charitable works) - November 10

1951 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance - November 10

1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 reaches 196-1871 km around Moon - November 10

1989 Germans begin demolishing the Berlin Wall - November 10

2012 The final US presidential election results are declared after Barack Obama wins Florida to defeat Mitt Romney 332-206 in Electoral College votes - November 10

 

1647 Massachusetts passes first compulsory school attendance law in the American colonies - November 11

1775 Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war - November 11

1864 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia - November 11

1889 Washington admitted as 42nd state of USA - November 11

1918 Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect, WW I hostilities end at 11.00 am - November 11

1920 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris. - November 11

 

1912 Robert Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica - November 12

1933 First known photo of so-called Loch Ness monster is taken - November 12

1954 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed - November 12

1966 High schooler Robert Smith kills 7 for fame - November 12

1987 Heavy snow closes schools from DC to Maine - November 12

 

1553 English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason - November 13

1789 Ben Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes" - November 13

1843 Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts - November 13

1922 Black Renaissance begins Harlem NY - November 13

1952 False fingernails 1st sold - November 13

2015 Terror attacks in Paris at 3 locations leave at least 129 dead. Isis claim responsibility - November 13

 

1666 Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs) - November 14

1851 "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US - November 14

1896 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation - November 14

1935 Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship - November 14

1960 Riot due to school integration in New Orleans - November 14

1968 Yale University announces it is going co-educational - November 14

 

1620 Myles Standish leads 16 men in a foot exploration of the northern portion of Cape Cod - November 15

1720 Anne Bonny, Mary Read, and John Rackham are captured by Capt. Jonathan Barnet and brought to Spanish Town, Jamaica, for trial - November 15

1777 Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress - November 15

1932 Walt Disney Art School created - November 15

1939 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews - November 15

1969 Wendy's Hamburgers opens - November 15

 

1380 French King Charles VI declares no taxes for ever - November 16

1676 1st colonial prison organized, Nantucket Mass - November 16

1764 Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac - November 16

1957 US murderer and bodysnatcher Ed Gein kills his last victim - November 16

1961 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops - November 16

1965 Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow - November 16

1558 Elizabeth I aged 25 ascends English throne upon death of her half sister "Bloody" Mary - November 17

1603 English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason. - November 17

1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe. - November 17

1894 Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons - November 17

1917 Lenin defends "temporary" removal of freedom of the press - November 17

1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son's head - November 18

1805 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America - November 18

1872 American suffragette Susan B Anthony is arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY - November 18

1911 Britain's first seaplane flies - November 18

1939 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus - November 18

1964 J. Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as "most notorious liar" - November 18

1997 70s glam-rock star Gary Glitter (real name Paul Gadd) arrested by British police in child porn probe - November 18

 

1620 Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast - November 19

1805 Lewis & Clark reach Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross continent - November 19

1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth - November 19

1863 US President Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score & seven years ago..." - November 19

1965 Kellogg's Pop Tarts pastries created - November 19

1971 Disney World's Fort Wilderness opens - November 19

 

Africa Industrialization Day - November 20

1817 First Seminole War begins in Florida - November 20

1861 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government. - November 20

1888 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock - November 20

1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports - November 20

1945 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany - November 20

1967 At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million - November 20

 

1620 Pilgrim Fathers reach America: Provincetown Harbor, Mass - November 21

1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims in Cape Cod, [O.S. Nov 11] - November 21

1789 North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state - November 21

1871 The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot - November 21

1906 China prohibits opium trade - November 21

1920 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna, Italy - November 21

 

1842 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts - November 22

1903 Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are engaged - November 22

1934 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show - November 22

1942 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man - November 22

1954 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington DC - November 22

1963 American President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas - November 22

 

Native American Heritage Day – November 23 (Day After Thanksgiving)

1644 Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton, decrying censorship, is published. – November 23

1765 People of Frederick County Md refuse to pay England's Stamp tax – November 23

1863 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs – November 23

1890 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit. – November 23

1945 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends – November 23

1963 "Doctor Who" the long-running British sci-fi series debuts – November 23

 

D.B. Cooper Day - November 24

Robert E. Lee Day - November 24 (State of Georgia)

1434 River Thames in London freezes over - November 24

1655 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell bans Anglicans - November 24

1859 Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species" - November 24

1871 National Rifle Association organized (NYC) - November 24

1917 Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building. - November 24

1966 400 die of respiratory failure & heart attack in killer NYC smog - November 24

 

1817 First sword swallower in US performs (NYC) - November 25

1864 Confederate plot to burn New York city fails - November 25

1867 Alfred Nobel patents dynamite - November 25

1920 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Philadelphia) - November 25

1957 US President Dwight Eisenhower suffers a mild stroke, impairing his speech - November 25

1963 JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery - November 25

 

1716 1st lion exhibited in America (Boston) - November 26

1789 1st national Thanksgiving in USA - November 26

1859 Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is published in literary periodical "All the Year Round" - November 26

1861 West Virginia created as a result of dispute over slavery with Virginia - November 26

1865 "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll published in USA - November 26

1922 English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun's virtually intact tomb in Egypt - November 26

 

1868 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack - November 27

1895 Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize - November 27

1926 Restoration of Williamsburg, Virginia, begins - November 27

1944 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen - November 27

2015 "Holy grail" of shipwrecks the San Jose, sunk 1708, is confirmed found by an international team off the coast of Colombia - November 27

 

1520 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing Pacific Ocean - November 28

1717 Blackbeard attacks a French merchant vessel called "La Concorde", which he would capture and rename as the "Queen Anne's Revenge" - November 28

1720 Anne Bonny and Mary Read are tried, found guilty of pirating, and sentenced to death in Spanish Town, Jamaica, although their discovered pregnancies won them stays of execution - November 28

1871 Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina - November 28

1944 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen - November 28

 

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People - November 29

1775 Sir James Jay invents invisible ink  - November 29

1910 The first US patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine. - November 29

1935 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his famous thought experiment 'Schrödinger's cat', a paradox that illustrates the problem of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics - November 29

1963 LBJ sets up Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of JFK - November 29

1994 Seoul, Korea, celebrated the 600th anniversary of its founding - November 29

 

1487 The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops - November 30

1630 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague - November 30

1678 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament - November 30

1782 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence - November 30

1924 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC) - November 30

2005 John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York. - November 30


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Social History Calendar - December

Week  -   Day

December Weekly Social History Holidays

Kwanzaa - December 26 - January 1

Week  -   Day

December Daily Social History Holidays

Greenwood Day - December 1 (First Saturday in December)

Rosa Parks Day - December 1

1641 Massachusetts becomes the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery - December 1

1824 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins) - December 1

1835 Hans Christian Andersen publishes his 1st book of fairy tales - December 1

1878 1st White House telephone installed - December 1

1933 Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government - December 1

1955 Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama - December 1

 

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery - December 2

1777 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4 - December 2

1804 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned emperor of France in Paris - December 2

1816 First savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society) - December 2

1845 Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West. - December 2

1867 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States. - December 2

1941 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone - December 2

 

1639 1st annulment by court decree passes - December 3

1833 Oberlin College in Ohio, the first truly coeducational college, opens - December 3

1863 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN - December 3

1868 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial - December 3

1926 Detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days - December 3

1989 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush, declare the Cold War over - December 3

 

1619 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many as the first Thanksgiving in the Americas. - December 4

1829 Britain outlaws "suttee" in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband's funeral pyre) - December 4

1864 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law - December 4

1915 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Ga - December 4

1915 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas' - December 4

 

1717 English pirate Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock later provides 1st record of Blackbeard's appearance, providing the source for his name - December 5

1792 George Washington re-elected as US President - December 5

1804 Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President, George Clinton Vice President - December 5

1908 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh) - December 5

1929 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC) - December 5

1933 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, 18th Amendment (Prohibition of alcohol) repealed - December 5

 

1964 Vietnam War: for his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war. - December 6

1790 The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - December 6

1825 President John Adams suggests establishment of a US observatory - December 6

1849 Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time - December 6

1862 US President Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux Indians - December 6

1865 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery - December 6

 

1787 Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify the US constitution - December 7

1868 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1 - December 7

1877 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American" - December 7

1917 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks) - December 7

1990 Iraqi parliament endorses Saddam Hussein's decision to free hostages - December 7

1994 Radio personality Howard Stern talks a man out of attempting suicide - December 7

 

1792 1st cremation in US, Henry Laurens - December 8

1863 Abraham Lincoln's Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South - December 8

1874 Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas - December 8

1915 John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine - December 8

1930 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC - December 8

1941 President Roosevelt delivers "Day of Infamy" speech to US Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbour - December 8

 

1762 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris - December 9

1851 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal) - December 9

1854 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" published - December 9

1868 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps. - December 9

1941 Hitler orders US ships are to be torpedoed - December 9

1965 "A Charlie Brown Christmas" premieres - December 9

 

1690 Massachusetts Bay becomes first American colonial goverment to borrow money - December 10

1817 Mississippi admitted as 20th state of the Union - December 10

1864 General Sherman's armies reach Savannah & 12-day siege begins - December 10

1903 Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie - December 10

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt (1st American) awarded Nobel Peace Prize - December 10

1926 2nd part of Hitler's Mein Kampf published - December 10

 

1620 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock - December 11

1620 Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans, which became known as the "First Encounter" - December 11

1719 1st recorded display of Aurora Borealis in north American colonies (New England) - December 11

1913 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum - December 11

1936 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson - December 11

1946 Spain suspended from UN - December 11

 

1787 Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution - December 12

1791 Bank of North America opens at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia - December 12

1800 Washington, D.C. established as capital of US - December 12

1901 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada - December 12

1961 Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Albany Ga - December 12

1975 Sara Jane Moore pled guilty to trying to kill US President Gerald Ford - December 12

 

1577 Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world - December 13

1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard. - December 13

1928 Clip-on tie designed - December 13

2000 American Vice President Al Gore delivers his concession speech effectively ending his hopes of becoming the 43rd President of the United States. - December 13

2003 Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit. - December 13

 

1542 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old - December 14

1782 Charleston, SC evacuated by British - December 14

1819 Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state - December 14

1903 The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina - December 14

1944 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland - December 14

2012 28 people, including 20 children, are shot to death at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut - December 14

 

Bill of Rights Day - December 15

1664 English colonizing Connecticut - December 15

1791 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania - December 15

1791 US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution - December 15

1792 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Philadelphia) - December 15

1942 Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs - December 15

1964 Canada adopts maple leaf flag - December 15

 

1653 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland - December 16

1773 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbor in protest against British imposed Tea Act - December 16

1835 Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC - December 16

1946 French fashion designer Christian Dior and his backer Marcel Boussac found fashion house Christian Dior - December 16

1950 US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism" - December 16

1978 Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14,000,000 to local banks. - December 16

 

Pan American Aviation Day - December 17

Wright Brothers Day - December 17

1777 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America - December 17

1790 Aztec calendar stone discovered in Mexico City - December 17

1821 Kentucky abolishes debtors' prisons - December 17

1903 The Wright Brothers make their first sustained motorized aircraft flight at 10:35 AM, piloted by Orville Wright at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina - December 17

1942 Allies in London sentence German war criminals - December 17

1944 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released. - December 17

 

1719 Thomas Fleet publishes "Mother Goose's Melodies For Children" - December 18

1787 New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify US constitution - December 18

1796 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor) - December 18

1839 1st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in US, John Draper, NYC - December 18

1898 Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph) - December 18

1917 The 18th Amendment, authorizing prohibition of alcohol, is approved by the US congress and sent to the states for ratification - December 18

 

1732 Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack" - December 19

1843 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold - December 19

1910 1st US city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Baltimore) - December 19

1922 Theresa Vaughn, 24, confessed in court in Sheffield, England, to being married 61 times over 5 years in 50 cities in three countries - December 19

1941 Hitler takes complete command of German Army - December 19

1998 Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate. - December 19

 

Mudd Day - December 20

1192 Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna - December 20

1606 Virginia Company settlers leave London to establish Jamestown, Virginia     - December 20

1669 1st jury trial in Delaware; Marcus Jacobson condemned for insurrection & sentenced to flogging, branding & slavery - December 20

1812 "Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published - December 20

1860 South Carolina secedes from the Union (US Civil War) - December 20

2007 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever monarch of the United Kingdom, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, 7 months and 29 days. - December 20

 

Ann & Samantha Day - December 21 and June 21 (Day of the Summer and Winter Solstice)

Forefather's Day - December 21

1620 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock - December 21

1829 1st stone arch railroad bridge in US dedicated, Baltimore - December 21

1898 Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium - December 21

1956 Martin Luther King Jr. and others sit in the new integrated bus - December 21

1961 Gangster Joe Gallo is sentenced to 7 to 14 years in state prison for extortion - December 21

1978 Police in Des Plaines Ill, arrest John Wayne Gacy for murder - December 21

 

1731 Dutch people revolt against meat tax - December 22

1882 1st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison - December 22

1934 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934) - December 22

1958 "Chipmunk Song" reaches #1 - December 22

1963 Official 30-day mourning period for President John F. Kennedy ends - December 22

2010 The repeal of the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning on homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, was signed into law by President Barack Obama. - December 22

 

1779 Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct - December 23

1788 Maryland votes to cede a 10-square mile area for District of Columbia - December 23

1793 Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies - December 23

1888 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, and sends it to a prostitute for safe keeping - December 23

1907 1st all-steel passenger railroad coach completed, Altoona, PA - December 23

1943 Gen Bernard Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day - December 23

 

1777 Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook - December 24

1865 Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, TN - December 24

1893 Henry Ford completes his first useful petrolm fuelled engine - December 24

1901 Private companies allowed to use the word "postcard" in the US. Previously they were labelled "Private Mailing Cards" and known as "souvenir cards". - December 24

1924 Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th NYC - December 24

1970 Walt Disney's "Aristocats" is released - December 24

 

1223 St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy) - December 25

1651 Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas" - December 25

1809 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor - December 25

1818 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night" - "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht) sung in Austria - December 25

1831 Louisiana & Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas as holiday - December 25

1983 1st live telecast of Christmas Parade at the EPCOT Centre, Disney World Florida - December 25

 

1620 Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, MA - December 26

1620 Elizabeth Báthory's crimes are uncovered. - December 26

1773 Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia - December 26

1799 George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "first in war, first in peace & first in hearts of his countrymen" - December 26

1941 Winston Churchill becomes first British Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of the US Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing" - December 26

 

1845 Ether first used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia - December 27

1850 Hawaiian Fire Department established - December 27

1904 'Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London - December 27

1941 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city" - December 27

1983 Pope John Paul II pardons man who shot him - December 27

2012 NASA unveils plans to capture a 500 ton asteroid in 2025 - December 27

 

1612 First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a "fixed star" without realising it is a planet - December 28

1732 1st known ad for "Poor Richard's Almanack" (Pennsylvania Gazette) - December 28

1860 Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn NY, on her last mission to free slaves, evading capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad - December 28

1945 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance" - December 28

1994 The Madness of King George premieres in the US - December 28

2005 A U.S. immigration judge orders John Demjanjuk deported to Ukraine for crimes against humanity committed during World War II. - December 28

 

1778 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia - December 29

1813 British burn Buffalo, NY during War of 1812 - December 29

1848 Gas lights 1st installed at White House - December 29

1852 Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants - December 29

1890 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, SD - December 29

 

1809 Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston - December 30

1861 US banks stop payments in gold - December 30

1879 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance" premieres - December 30

1918 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover - December 30

1924 Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society - December 30

 

1600 British East India Company chartered - December 31

1695 A window tax is imposed in England, causing many shopkeepers to brick up their windows to avoid the tax. - December 31

1776 Rhode Island establishes wage & price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70 cents a day for carpenters, 42 cents for tailors - December 31

1781 Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens - December 31

1783 Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern US states - December 31

1862 President Lincoln signs act admitting West Virginia to the Union - December 31


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